March 9, 2021

If A.I. isn't counterintuitive, why should we pay for it?

[] The A.I. behind DeepMind's Go breakthrough is finding it way to the factory floor | Fortune© 2020 Fortune Media IP Limited. All Rights Reserved. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our u003ca href="https://fortune.com/terms-of-use/">Terms of Useu003c/a> and u003ca href="https://fortune.com/privacy-policy/">Privacy Policyu003c/a> | u003ca href="/california-privacy-policy/#notice">CA Notice at Collection and Privacy Noticeu003c/a> | u003ca href="https://fortune.com/right-to-opt-out/">Do Not Sell My Personal Informationu003c/a> | u003ca href="http://preferences-mgr.trustarc.com/?pid=fortunemedia01&aid=fortunemedia01_pub&type=fortunemedia">Ad Choices u003c/a>u003cbr />nFORTUNE is a trademark of Fortune Media IP Limited, registered in the U.S. and other countries. FORTUNE may receive compensation for some links to products and services on this website. Offers may be subject to change without notice.u003cbr />nQuotes delayed at least 15 minutes. Market data provided by u003ca href="https://www.interactivedata.com">Interactive Datau003c/a>. ETF and Mutual Fund data provided by u003ca href="https://www.morningstar.com">Morningstaru003c/a>, Inc. Dow Jones Terms & Conditions: u003ca href="http://www.djindexes.com/mdsidx/html/tandc/indexestandcs.html">http://www.djindexes.com/mdsidx/html/tandc/indexestandcs.htmlu003c/a>.u003cbr />nS&P Index data is the property of Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc. and its licensors. All rights reserved. u003ca href="https://www.intercontinentalexchange.com/terms-of-use">Terms & Conditionsu003c/a>. Powered and implemented by u003ca href="https://www.interactivedata.com/idms">Interactive Data Managed Solutionsu003c/a>.u003c/p>n"},"children":[]}]},{"name":"social-links","config":{"services":{"facebook":"Facebook","twitter":"Twitter","linkedin":"LinkedIn","instagram":"Instagram","pinterest":"Pinterest"},"displayIcons":true,"themeName":"footer"},"children":[{"name":"social-item","config":{"displayIcon":true,"type":"facebook","url":"https://www.facebook.com/FortuneMagazine/","themeName":"footer"},"children":[]},{"name":"social-item","config":{"displayIcon":true,"type":"twitter","url":"https://twitter.com/FortuneMagazine","themeName":"footer"},"children":[]},{"name":"social-item","config":{"displayIcon":true,"type":"linkedin","url":"https://www.linkedin.com/company/fortune-magazine","themeName":"footer"},"children":[]},{"name":"social-item","config":{"displayIcon":true,"type":"instagram","url":"https://www.instagram.com/fortunemag/","themeName":"footer"},"children":[]},{"name":"social-item","config":{"displayIcon":true,"type":"pinterest","url":"https://www.pinterest.com/fortunemagazine/","themeName":"footer"},"children":[]}]}]}],"providers":{"/2021/02/16/if-a-i-isnt-counterintuitive-why-should-we-pay-for-it/":[{"name":"google-tag-manager","config":{"containerId":"GTM-N68KRG3","dataLayer":{"contentType":"article","contentId":"2953810","channel":"newsletters","tags":["ABB","Algorithms","Artificial Intelligence","data privacy","deep learning","Eye on A.I.","industrial robots","Machine Learning","Manufacturing","neural network","reinforcement learning","robots vs. humans"],"headline":"If A.I. isn't counterintuitive, why should we pay for it?","authors":["Jeremy Kahn"],"franchiseName":null,"premiumCategory":"P-Newsletter","topics":["AI Minute","Brainstorm A.I."],"sections":["Newsletters","Tech"]}},"children":[]},{"name":"franchise-config-provider","config":{"franchise":"","franchiseTitle":"","franchiseListPath":"","color":"#1baae1"},"children":[]},{"name":"advertising-provider","config":{"ctype":"article","cid":"2953810","ch":"newsletters","debug":false,"search":null,"tags":["ABB","Algorithms","Artificial Intelligence","data privacy","deep learning","Eye on A.I.","industrial robots","Machine Learning","Manufacturing","neural network","reinforcement learning","robots vs. humans"],"topics":["AIMinute","BrainstormAI"],"premiumCategory":"P-Newsletter","defaultPath":"fortune","slots":[{"placementName":"RightRailFlex_Articles","slotId":"RightRailFlex_Articles0","lazyload":true,"useDynamicChannel":false,"targeting":{"placement_name":"RightRailFlex_Articles","index":1}},{"placementName":"RightRailFlex_Articles","slotId":"RightRailFlex_Articles1","lazyload":true,"useDynamicChannel":false,"targeting":{"placement_name":"RightRailFlex_Articles","index":2}},{"placementName":"RightRailFlex_Articles","slotId":"RightRailFlex_Articles2","lazyload":true,"useDynamicChannel":false,"targeting":{"placement_name":"RightRailFlex_Articles","index":3}},{"placementName":"Leaderboard","slotId":"Leaderboard0","lazyload":false,"useDynamicChannel":false,"targeting":{"placement_name":"Leaderboard","index":1}}]},"children":[]}]},"page":{"/2021/02/16/if-a-i-isnt-counterintuitive-why-should-we-pay-for-it/":[{"name":"head","config":{},"children":[{"name":"title","config":{},"children":["The A.I. behind DeepMind's Go breakthrough is finding it way to the factory floor | Fortune"]},{"name":"meta","config":{"name":"google-site-verification","content":"JRFNeudqAejM1a-TR7d05Ddr9_M8fHFT3Q4rCYsUkxc"},"children":[]},{"name":"script","config":{"src":"https://stats.wp.com/e-202110.js","defer":true,"async":true},"children":[]},{"name":"meta","config":{"name":"description","content":"Better simulators are helping companies to use deep reinforcement learning to improve operations. Sometimes the results are surprising."},"children":[]},{"name":"meta","config":{"name":"keywords","content":"artificial intelligence, Ai, eye on a.i., machine learning, A.I., Pathmind, Chris Nicholson, Covariant, deep reinforcement learning, reinforcement learning, deep RL, RL, DeepMind, AlphaGo, Go, Facebook, poker, Starcraft II, Dota 2, Atari, robots, industrial robots, industrial AI, manufacturing AI, ABB, optimization, preventive maintenance, operations management"},"children":[]},{"name":"meta","config":{"property":"og:url","content":"https://fortune.com/2021/02/16/if-a-i-isnt-counterintuitive-why-should-we-pay-for-it/"},"children":[]},{"name":"meta","config":{"property":"og:type","content":"article"},"children":[]},{"name":"meta","config":{"property":"og:title","content":"If A.I. isn't counterintuitive, why should we pay for it?"},"children":[]},{"name":"meta","config":{"property":"og:description","content":"As industrial companies automate, the A.I. that bested humans at games such as Go is beginning to find a place on the factory floor."},"children":[]},{"name":"meta","config":{"property":"og:site_name","content":"Fortune"},"children":[]},{"name":"meta","config":{"property":"og:image","content":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/GettyImages-1163058695.jpg?resize=1200,600"},"children":[]},{"name":"meta","config":{"property":"og:width","content":"1024"},"children":[]},{"name":"meta","config":{"property":"og:height","content":"683"},"children":[]},{"name":"meta","config":{"name":"twitter:card","content":"summary_large_image"},"children":[]},{"name":"meta","config":{"name":"twitter:title","content":"If A.I. isn't counterintuitive, why should we pay for it?"},"children":[]},{"name":"meta","config":{"name":"twitter:description","content":"As industrial companies automate, the A.I. that bested humans at games such as Go is beginning to find a place on the factory floor."},"children":[]},{"name":"meta","config":{"name":"twitter:image","content":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/GettyImages-1163058695.jpg?resize=1200,600"},"children":[]},{"name":"meta","config":{"name":"twitter:url","content":"https://fortune.com/2021/02/16/if-a-i-isnt-counterintuitive-why-should-we-pay-for-it/"},"children":[]},{"name":"link","config":{"rel":"preload","href":"/static/media/SaolText-Semibold.woff2","as":"font","type":"font/woff2","crossorigin":"anonymous"},"children":[]},{"name":"link","config":{"rel":"preload","href":"/static/media/SaolText-Bold.woff2","as":"font","type":"font/woff2","crossorigin":"anonymous"},"children":[]},{"name":"link","config":{"rel":"preload","href":"/static/media/GraphikCompact-Semibold-Web.woff2","as":"font","type":"font/woff2","crossorigin":"anonymous"},"children":[]},{"name":"link","config":{"rel":"preload","href":"/static/media/GraphikCondensed-Light-Web.woff2","as":"font","type":"font/woff2","crossorigin":"anonymous"},"children":[]},{"name":"link","config":{"rel":"preload","href":"/static/media/GraphikCondensed-Bold-Web.woff2","as":"font","type":"font/woff2","crossorigin":"anonymous"},"children":[]},{"name":"link","config":{"rel":"preload","href":"/static/media/MillerText-Roman.woff2","as":"font","type":"font/woff","crossorigin":"anonymous"},"children":[]},{"name":"link","config":{"rel":"preload","href":"/static/media/MillerText-Italic.woff2","as":"font","type":"font/woff","crossorigin":"anonymous"},"children":[]},{"name":"link","config":{"rel":"preload","href":"/static/media/MillerText-Bold.woff2","as":"font","type":"font/woff","crossorigin":"anonymous"},"children":[]},{"name":"link","config":{"rel":"preload","href":"/static/media/MillerText-BoldItalic.woff2","as":"font","type":"font/woff","crossorigin":"anonymous"},"children":[]},{"name":"link","config":{"rel":"canonical","href":"https://fortune.com/2021/02/16/if-a-i-isnt-counterintuitive-why-should-we-pay-for-it/"},"children":[]},{"name":"link","config":{"rel":"amphtml","href":"https://fortune.com/2021/02/16/if-a-i-isnt-counterintuitive-why-should-we-pay-for-it/amp/"},"children":[]}]},{"name":"parsely","config":{"site":"fortune.com","metadata":{"@type":"NewsArticle","@context":"http://schema.org","publisher":{"@type":"Organization","name":"Fortune","logo":{"@type":"ImageObject","url":"https://fortune.com/static/media/logo.png"}},"headline":"If A.I. isn’t counterintuitive, why should we pay for it?","url":"https://fortune.com/2021/02/16/if-a-i-isnt-counterintuitive-why-should-we-pay-for-it/","mainEntityOfPage":"https://fortune.com/2021/02/16/if-a-i-isnt-counterintuitive-why-should-we-pay-for-it/","datePublished":"2021-02-16T14:19:08-05:00","dateModified":"2021-02-16T14:59:13-05:00","identifier":2953810,"isAccessibleForFree":false,"hasPart":{"@type":"WebPageElement","isAccessibleForFree":"False","cssSelector":".paywall"},"thumbnailUrl":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/GettyImages-1163058695.jpg","image":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/GettyImages-1163058695.jpg","author":["Jeremy Kahn"],"keywords":["ABB","Algorithms","Artificial Intelligence","data privacy","deep learning","Eye on A.I.","industrial robots","Machine Learning","Manufacturing","neural network","reinforcement learning","robots vs. humans"],"articleSection":"Newsletters","description":"Better simulators are helping companies to use deep reinforcement learning to improve operations. Sometimes the results are surprising."}},"children":[]},{"name":"fonts","config":{},"children":[]},{"name":"site-stats","config":{"data":{"v":"ext","j":"1:9.4.1","blog":164653900,"post":2953810,"tz":-5,"srv":"content.fortune.com"}},"children":[]},{"name":"header","config":{"themeName":"large","homeLink":"https://fortune.com/2021/02/16/if-a-i-isnt-counterintuitive-why-should-we-pay-for-it/"},"children":[{"name":"header-search","config":{},"children":[{"name":"search-nav","config":{},"children":[{"name":"search-nav-menu","config":{},"children":[{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757811,"label":"Automotives","url":"/section/auto/","themeName":""},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757814,"label":"Careers","url":"/section/careers/","themeName":""},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757815,"label":"Design","url":"/section/design/","themeName":""},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757816,"label":"Energy","url":"/section/energy/","themeName":""},"children":[]}]},{"name":"search-nav-menu","config":{},"children":[{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757820,"label":"Entertainment","url":"/section/entertainment/","themeName":""},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757822,"label":"Finance","url":"/section/finance/","themeName":""},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757823,"label":"Health","url":"/section/health/","themeName":""},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757824,"label":"Humor","url":"/section/humor/","themeName":""},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757825,"label":"International","url":"/section/international/","themeName":""},"children":[]}]},{"name":"search-nav-menu","config":{},"children":[{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757830,"label":"Leadership","url":"/section/leadership/","themeName":""},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757831,"label":"Photography","url":"/section/photography/","themeName":""},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757832,"label":"Luxury","url":"/section/luxury/","themeName":""},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757833,"label":"Newsletters","url":"/section/newsletters/","themeName":""},"children":[]}]},{"name":"search-nav-menu","config":{},"children":[{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757839,"label":"Retail","url":"/section/retail/","themeName":""},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757841,"label":"Real Estate","url":"/section/real-estate/","themeName":""},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757843,"label":"Sports","url":"/section/sports/","themeName":""},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757846,"label":"Technology","url":"/section/tech/","themeName":""},"children":[]}]},{"name":"search-nav-menu","config":{},"children":[{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757849,"label":"All Rankings","url":"/rankings/","themeName":""},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757851,"label":"Fortune 500","url":"/fortune500/","themeName":""},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757853,"label":"Global 500","url":"/global500/","themeName":""},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757855,"label":"40 Under 40","url":"/40-under-40/","themeName":""},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757856,"label":"Most Powerful Women","url":"/most-powerful-women/","themeName":""},"children":[]}]},{"name":"search-nav-menu","config":{},"children":[{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757860,"label":"About Us","url":"/about-us/","themeName":""},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757861,"label":"Advertising","url":"https://fortunemediakit.com/","themeName":""},"children":[]}]}]}]},{"name":"header-menu","config":{"socialHeading":"Stay Connected"},"children":[{"name":"menu","config":{"location":"","title":"","titleLink":"","displayTitle":false,"menuItemClass":"","themeName":""},"children":[{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2659668,"label":"Rankings","url":"/rankings/","themeName":""},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757866,"label":"Magazine","url":"/magazine/","themeName":""},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757869,"label":"Newsletters","url":"https://mynewsletters.fortune.com/subscribe?source=FO_CMS_Nav","themeName":""},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2789243,"label":"Podcasts","url":"/podcasts/","themeName":""},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2821372,"label":"COVID-19","url":"https://fortune.com/tag/coronavirus/","themeName":""},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757870,"label":"Video On Demand","url":"/videos/","themeName":""},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757871,"label":"Fortune Live Media","url":"https://fortune.com/conferences/","themeName":""},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2939507,"label":"Fortune Connect","url":"https://fortune.com/connect","themeName":""},"children":[]}]},{"name":"social-links","config":{"services":{"facebook":"Facebook","twitter":"Twitter","linkedin":"LinkedIn","instagram":"Instagram","pinterest":"Pinterest"},"displayIcons":true,"themeName":"menu-social"},"children":[{"name":"social-item","config":{"displayIcon":true,"type":"facebook","url":"https://www.facebook.com/FortuneMagazine/"},"children":[]},{"name":"social-item","config":{"displayIcon":true,"type":"twitter","url":"https://twitter.com/FortuneMagazine"},"children":[]},{"name":"social-item","config":{"displayIcon":true,"type":"linkedin","url":"https://www.linkedin.com/company/fortune-magazine"},"children":[]},{"name":"social-item","config":{"displayIcon":true,"type":"instagram","url":"https://www.instagram.com/fortunemag/"},"children":[]},{"name":"social-item","config":{"displayIcon":true,"type":"pinterest","url":"https://www.pinterest.com/fortunemagazine/"},"children":[]}]}]},{"name":"header-popular-posts","config":{"heading":"Most Popular Posts"},"children":[{"name":"content-list-item","config":{"title":"What a $1,000 investment in Bitcoin and stock market index funds one year ago would be worth today","permalink":"https://fortune.com/2021/03/09/stock-market-bitcoin-sp-500-dow-jones-djia-nasdaq-investments-worth-now-march-2021-covid-pandemic-markets/","hasVideo":false,"themeName":"header-popular-posts","isNativoTout":false,"eyebrowSectionLabel":"Finance","eyebrowSectionLink":"https://fortune.com/section/finance/","eyebrowTagLabel":"financial markets","eyebrowTagLink":"https://fortune.com/tag/financial-markets/","publishDateIso8601":"2021-03-09T12:04:09-05:00","id":2963876,"excerpt":"One year ago, major financial markets crashed. But the hardiest of investors have won big in the months that followed.","type":"post"},"children":[{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/chris-morris/","name":"Chris Morris"},"children":[]},{"name":"image","config":{"aspectRatio":0.6666666666666666,"attachmentId":2963921,"alt":"NEW YORK, NEW YORK - MARCH 09: Traders work on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) on March 09, 2020 in New York City. The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell more than 2,000 points as investors concerns over the spreading coronavirus continue to affect global markets. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)","caption":"Traders on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange on March 9, 2020.","crops":[],"height":1920,"imageSize":"header-popular-posts","lazyload":true,"lqipSrc":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages_web-1211425502.jpg?quality=60&resize=60,40","postId":2963876,"retina":false,"showCaption":false,"sources":[{"default":true,"transforms":{"resize":[130,86]},"descriptor":100}],"sourceTags":[],"src":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages_web-1211425502.jpg?resize=130,86","srcset":"","url":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages_web-1211425502.jpg","useBasicImg":true,"usingDataFallback":false,"width":2880,"fallbackImageUrl":"data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAAAAAP///yH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAIBRAA7","picture":false,"sizes":""},"children":[]},{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/chris-morris/","name":"Chris Morris"},"children":[]}]},{"name":"content-list-item","config":{"title":"‘They’re laying a trap’: Everything to know about the new Bitcoin tax rules","permalink":"https://fortune.com/2021/03/07/theyre-laying-a-trap-everything-to-know-about-the-new-bitcoin-tax-rules/","hasVideo":false,"themeName":"header-popular-posts","isNativoTout":true,"eyebrowSectionLabel":"Finance","eyebrowSectionLink":"https://fortune.com/section/finance/","eyebrowTagLabel":"Income Taxes","eyebrowTagLink":"https://fortune.com/tag/income-taxes/","publishDateIso8601":"2021-03-07T20:30:00-05:00","id":2962812,"excerpt":"“Since the value of cryptocurrency has skyrocketed in the last 15 months, more clients have been calling than ever,” says one tax advisor. “But they don’t usually like the news I have to share.”","type":"post"},"children":[{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/chris-taylor/","name":"Chris Taylor"},"children":[]},{"name":"image","config":{"aspectRatio":0.6666666666666666,"attachmentId":2962915,"alt":"GERMANY, FRANKFURT - SEPTEMBER 28: Symbol photo on the topics digital curreny, cryptocurrency, currency speculation, stock market, etc. The picture shows a Bitcoin (coin physically) in front of the course blackboard of the German Stock Exchange in Frankfurt. (Photo by Ulrich Baumgarten via Getty Images)","caption":"Bitcoin buyers may be surprised to see a new line on their tax forms. ","crops":[],"height":3320,"imageSize":"header-popular-posts","lazyload":true,"lqipSrc":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages-1043371410.jpg?quality=60&resize=60,40","postId":2962812,"retina":false,"showCaption":false,"sources":[{"default":true,"transforms":{"resize":[130,86]},"descriptor":100}],"sourceTags":[],"src":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages-1043371410.jpg?resize=130,86","srcset":"","url":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages-1043371410.jpg","useBasicImg":true,"usingDataFallback":false,"width":4663,"fallbackImageUrl":"data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAAAAAP///yH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAIBRAA7","picture":false,"sizes":""},"children":[]},{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/chris-taylor/","name":"Chris Taylor"},"children":[]}]},{"name":"content-list-item","config":{"title":"Bitcoin price hits a 2-week high as big institutions buy in","permalink":"https://fortune.com/2021/03/09/bitcoin-price-2-week-high-big-institutions/","hasVideo":false,"themeName":"header-popular-posts","isNativoTout":false,"eyebrowSectionLabel":"Finance","eyebrowSectionLink":"https://fortune.com/section/finance/","eyebrowTagLabel":"Bitcoin","eyebrowTagLink":"https://fortune.com/tag/bitcoin/","publishDateIso8601":"2021-03-09T00:27:03-05:00","id":2963644,"excerpt":"'Big-money bets keep flowing into cryptocurrencies.'","type":"post"},"children":[{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/joanna-ossinger/","name":"Joanna Ossinger"},"children":[]},{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/bloomberg/","name":"Bloomberg"},"children":[]},{"name":"image","config":{"aspectRatio":0.6666666666666666,"attachmentId":2963654,"alt":"Bitcoin Mining Comes to the Arctic Circle","caption":"An engineer inspects cabling from racks of application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) mining devices and power units at the BitCluster cryptocurrency mining farm in Norilsk, Russia, on Sunday, Dec. 20, 2020. ","crops":[],"height":693,"imageSize":"header-popular-posts","lazyload":true,"lqipSrc":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages-1230577842.jpg?quality=60&resize=60,40","postId":2963644,"retina":false,"showCaption":false,"sources":[{"default":true,"transforms":{"resize":[130,86]},"descriptor":100}],"sourceTags":[],"src":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages-1230577842.jpg?resize=130,86","srcset":"","url":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages-1230577842.jpg","useBasicImg":true,"usingDataFallback":false,"width":1024,"fallbackImageUrl":"data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAAAAAP///yH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAIBRAA7","picture":false,"sizes":""},"children":[]},{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/joanna-ossinger/","name":"Joanna Ossinger"},"children":[]},{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/bloomberg/","name":"Bloomberg"},"children":[]}]}]},{"name":"html","config":{"content":"If A.I. isn’t counterintuitive, why should we pay for it?"},"children":[]},{"name":"social-sharing","config":{"services":{"facebook":true,"twitter":true,"linkedin":true,"email":true},"displayIcons":true,"themeName":"header"},"children":[{"name":"social-item","config":{"displayIcon":true,"type":"facebook","url":"https://www.facebook.com/sharer.php/?u=https%3A%2F%2Ffortune.com%2F2021%2F02%2F16%2Fif-a-i-isnt-counterintuitive-why-should-we-pay-for-it%2F","themeName":"header"},"children":[]},{"name":"social-item","config":{"displayIcon":true,"type":"twitter","url":"https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?text=If%20A.I.%20isn%E2%80%99t%20counterintuitive%2C%20why%20should%20we%20pay%20for%20it%3F&url=https%3A%2F%2Ffortune.com%2F2021%2F02%2F16%2Fif-a-i-isnt-counterintuitive-why-should-we-pay-for-it%2F","themeName":"header"},"children":[]},{"name":"social-item","config":{"displayIcon":true,"type":"linkedin","url":"https://www.linkedin.com/shareArticle/?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffortune.com%2F2021%2F02%2F16%2Fif-a-i-isnt-counterintuitive-why-should-we-pay-for-it%2F&title=If%20A.I.%20isn%E2%80%99t%20counterintuitive%2C%20why%20should%20we%20pay%20for%20it%3F&summary=As%20industrial%20companies%20automate%2C%20the%20A.I.%20that%20bested%20humans%20at%20games%20such%20as%20Go%20is%20beginning%20to%20find%20a%20place%20on%20the%20factory%20floor.","themeName":"header"},"children":[]},{"name":"social-item","config":{"displayIcon":true,"type":"email","url":"mailto:?subject=If%20A.I.%20isn%E2%80%99t%20counterintuitive%2C%20why%20should%20we%20pay%20for%20it%3F&body=https%3A%2F%2Ffortune.com%2F2021%2F02%2F16%2Fif-a-i-isnt-counterintuitive-why-should-we-pay-for-it%2F","themeName":"header"},"children":[]}]},{"name":"advertising-slot","config":{"align":"center","lazyload":false,"useDynamicChannel":false,"placementName":"Leaderboard","slotId":"Leaderboard0","targeting":{"placement_name":"Leaderboard","index":1}},"children":[]},{"name":"menu","config":{"location":"","title":"","titleLink":"","displayTitle":false,"menuItemClass":"","themeName":"header"},"children":[{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2659660,"label":"Rankings","url":"","themeName":"header"},"children":[{"name":"menu","config":{"location":"","title":"Rankings","titleLink":"","displayTitle":false,"menuItemClass":"","themeName":"","type":"submenu"},"children":[{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757862,"label":"See All Rankings","url":"/rankings/","themeName":"header"},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757863,"label":"Fortune 500","url":"/fortune500/","themeName":"header"},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757864,"label":"Global 500","url":"/global500/","themeName":"header"},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757865,"label":"40 Under 40","url":"/40-under-40/","themeName":"header"},"children":[]}]}]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2757840,"label":"Magazine","url":"/magazine/","themeName":"header"},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2662045,"label":"Newsletters","url":"https://mynewsletters.fortune.com/subscribe?source=FO_CMS_Nav","themeName":"header"},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2783994,"label":"Podcasts","url":"https://fortune.com/podcasts/","themeName":"header"},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2808976,"label":"COVID-19","url":"https://fortune.com/tag/coronavirus/","themeName":"header"},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2939509,"label":"More","url":"","themeName":"header"},"children":[{"name":"menu","config":{"location":"","title":"More","titleLink":"","displayTitle":false,"menuItemClass":"","themeName":"","type":"submenu"},"children":[{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2808973,"label":"Video On Demand","url":"https://fortune.com/videos/","themeName":"header"},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2662044,"label":"Fortune Live Media","url":"https://fortune.com/conferences/","themeName":"header"},"children":[]},{"name":"menu-item","config":{"id":2939511,"label":"Fortune Connect","url":"https://fortune.com/connect","themeName":"header"},"children":[]}]}]}]}]},{"name":"body","config":{"bodyClasses":["article"]},"children":[{"name":"article-wrapper","config":{"themeName":"article"},"children":[{"name":"article-header","config":{"publishDate":"February 16, 2021","title":"If A.I. isn’t counterintuitive, why should we pay for it?","eyebrowSectionLabel":"Newsletters","eyebrowSectionLink":"https://fortune.com/section/newsletters/","eyebrowTagLabel":"Eye on A.I.","eyebrowTagLink":"https://fortune.com/tag/eye-on-a-i/","publishDateIso8601":"2021-02-16T14:19:08-05:00","themeName":"alignLeft"},"children":[{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/jeremy-kahn/","name":"Jeremy Kahn","themeName":"article"},"children":[]},{"name":"social-sharing","config":{"services":{"facebook":true,"twitter":true,"linkedin":true,"email":true},"displayIcons":true,"themeName":"article"},"children":[{"name":"social-item","config":{"displayIcon":true,"type":"facebook","url":"https://www.facebook.com/sharer.php/?u=https%3A%2F%2Ffortune.com%2F2021%2F02%2F16%2Fif-a-i-isnt-counterintuitive-why-should-we-pay-for-it%2F","themeName":"article"},"children":[]},{"name":"social-item","config":{"displayIcon":true,"type":"twitter","url":"https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?text=If%20A.I.%20isn%E2%80%99t%20counterintuitive%2C%20why%20should%20we%20pay%20for%20it%3F&url=https%3A%2F%2Ffortune.com%2F2021%2F02%2F16%2Fif-a-i-isnt-counterintuitive-why-should-we-pay-for-it%2F","themeName":"article"},"children":[]},{"name":"social-item","config":{"displayIcon":true,"type":"linkedin","url":"https://www.linkedin.com/shareArticle/?url=https%3A%2F%2Ffortune.com%2F2021%2F02%2F16%2Fif-a-i-isnt-counterintuitive-why-should-we-pay-for-it%2F&title=If%20A.I.%20isn%E2%80%99t%20counterintuitive%2C%20why%20should%20we%20pay%20for%20it%3F&summary=As%20industrial%20companies%20automate%2C%20the%20A.I.%20that%20bested%20humans%20at%20games%20such%20as%20Go%20is%20beginning%20to%20find%20a%20place%20on%20the%20factory%20floor.","themeName":"article"},"children":[]},{"name":"social-item","config":{"displayIcon":true,"type":"email","url":"mailto:?subject=If%20A.I.%20isn%E2%80%99t%20counterintuitive%2C%20why%20should%20we%20pay%20for%20it%3F&body=https%3A%2F%2Ffortune.com%2F2021%2F02%2F16%2Fif-a-i-isnt-counterintuitive-why-should-we-pay-for-it%2F","themeName":"article"},"children":[]}]}]},{"name":"sidebar","config":{"themeName":"right"},"children":[{"name":"advertising-slot","config":{"align":"center","lazyload":true,"useDynamicChannel":false,"placementName":"RightRailFlex_Articles","slotId":"RightRailFlex_Articles0","themeName":"article","targeting":{"placement_name":"RightRailFlex_Articles","index":1}},"children":[]},{"name":"article-popular","config":{"heading":"Most Popular Posts"},"children":[{"name":"content-list-item","config":{"title":"What a $1,000 investment in Bitcoin and stock market index funds one year ago would be worth today","permalink":"https://fortune.com/2021/03/09/stock-market-bitcoin-sp-500-dow-jones-djia-nasdaq-investments-worth-now-march-2021-covid-pandemic-markets/","hasVideo":false,"themeName":"article-sidebar","isNativoTout":true,"eyebrowSectionLabel":"Finance","eyebrowSectionLink":"https://fortune.com/section/finance/","eyebrowTagLabel":"financial markets","eyebrowTagLink":"https://fortune.com/tag/financial-markets/","publishDateIso8601":"2021-03-09T12:04:09-05:00","id":2963876,"excerpt":"One year ago, major financial markets crashed. But the hardiest of investors have won big in the months that followed.","type":"post"},"children":[{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/chris-morris/","name":"Chris Morris"},"children":[]},{"name":"image","config":{"aspectRatio":0.6666666666666666,"attachmentId":2963921,"alt":"NEW YORK, NEW YORK - MARCH 09: Traders work on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) on March 09, 2020 in New York City. The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell more than 2,000 points as investors concerns over the spreading coronavirus continue to affect global markets. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)","caption":"Traders on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange on March 9, 2020.","crops":[],"height":1920,"imageSize":"article-sidebar","lazyload":true,"lqipSrc":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages_web-1211425502.jpg?quality=60&resize=60,40","postId":2963876,"retina":true,"showCaption":false,"sources":[{"default":true,"transforms":{"resize":[130,86]},"descriptor":100}],"sourceTags":[],"src":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages_web-1211425502.jpg","srcset":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages_web-1211425502.jpg?resize=260,172 200w,https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages_web-1211425502.jpg?resize=130,86 100w","url":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages_web-1211425502.jpg","useBasicImg":false,"usingDataFallback":false,"width":2880,"fallbackImageUrl":"data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAAAAAP///yH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAIBRAA7","picture":false,"sizes":"100px"},"children":[]},{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/chris-morris/","name":"Chris Morris"},"children":[]}]},{"name":"content-list-item","config":{"title":"‘They’re laying a trap’: Everything to know about the new Bitcoin tax rules","permalink":"https://fortune.com/2021/03/07/theyre-laying-a-trap-everything-to-know-about-the-new-bitcoin-tax-rules/","hasVideo":false,"themeName":"article-sidebar","isNativoTout":false,"eyebrowSectionLabel":"Finance","eyebrowSectionLink":"https://fortune.com/section/finance/","eyebrowTagLabel":"Income Taxes","eyebrowTagLink":"https://fortune.com/tag/income-taxes/","publishDateIso8601":"2021-03-07T20:30:00-05:00","id":2962812,"excerpt":"“Since the value of cryptocurrency has skyrocketed in the last 15 months, more clients have been calling than ever,” says one tax advisor. “But they don’t usually like the news I have to share.”","type":"post"},"children":[{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/chris-taylor/","name":"Chris Taylor"},"children":[]},{"name":"image","config":{"aspectRatio":0.6666666666666666,"attachmentId":2962915,"alt":"GERMANY, FRANKFURT - SEPTEMBER 28: Symbol photo on the topics digital curreny, cryptocurrency, currency speculation, stock market, etc. The picture shows a Bitcoin (coin physically) in front of the course blackboard of the German Stock Exchange in Frankfurt. (Photo by Ulrich Baumgarten via Getty Images)","caption":"Bitcoin buyers may be surprised to see a new line on their tax forms. ","crops":[],"height":3320,"imageSize":"article-sidebar","lazyload":true,"lqipSrc":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages-1043371410.jpg?quality=60&resize=60,40","postId":2962812,"retina":true,"showCaption":false,"sources":[{"default":true,"transforms":{"resize":[130,86]},"descriptor":100}],"sourceTags":[],"src":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages-1043371410.jpg","srcset":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages-1043371410.jpg?resize=260,172 200w,https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages-1043371410.jpg?resize=130,86 100w","url":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages-1043371410.jpg","useBasicImg":false,"usingDataFallback":false,"width":4663,"fallbackImageUrl":"data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAAAAAP///yH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAIBRAA7","picture":false,"sizes":"100px"},"children":[]},{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/chris-taylor/","name":"Chris Taylor"},"children":[]}]},{"name":"content-list-item","config":{"title":"Bitcoin price hits a 2-week high as big institutions buy in","permalink":"https://fortune.com/2021/03/09/bitcoin-price-2-week-high-big-institutions/","hasVideo":false,"themeName":"article-sidebar","isNativoTout":false,"eyebrowSectionLabel":"Finance","eyebrowSectionLink":"https://fortune.com/section/finance/","eyebrowTagLabel":"Bitcoin","eyebrowTagLink":"https://fortune.com/tag/bitcoin/","publishDateIso8601":"2021-03-09T00:27:03-05:00","id":2963644,"excerpt":"'Big-money bets keep flowing into cryptocurrencies.'","type":"post"},"children":[{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/joanna-ossinger/","name":"Joanna Ossinger"},"children":[]},{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/bloomberg/","name":"Bloomberg"},"children":[]},{"name":"image","config":{"aspectRatio":0.6666666666666666,"attachmentId":2963654,"alt":"Bitcoin Mining Comes to the Arctic Circle","caption":"An engineer inspects cabling from racks of application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) mining devices and power units at the BitCluster cryptocurrency mining farm in Norilsk, Russia, on Sunday, Dec. 20, 2020. ","crops":[],"height":693,"imageSize":"article-sidebar","lazyload":true,"lqipSrc":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages-1230577842.jpg?quality=60&resize=60,40","postId":2963644,"retina":true,"showCaption":false,"sources":[{"default":true,"transforms":{"resize":[130,86]},"descriptor":100}],"sourceTags":[],"src":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages-1230577842.jpg","srcset":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages-1230577842.jpg?resize=260,172 200w,https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages-1230577842.jpg?resize=130,86 100w","url":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages-1230577842.jpg","useBasicImg":false,"usingDataFallback":false,"width":1024,"fallbackImageUrl":"data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAAAAAP///yH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAIBRAA7","picture":false,"sizes":"100px"},"children":[]},{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/joanna-ossinger/","name":"Joanna Ossinger"},"children":[]},{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/bloomberg/","name":"Bloomberg"},"children":[]}]},{"name":"content-list-item","config":{"title":"One year later: 15 ways life has changed since the onset of the COVID pandemic","permalink":"https://fortune.com/2021/03/09/covid-pandemic-how-life-has-changed-coronavirus-one-year-later-march-2020/","hasVideo":false,"themeName":"article-sidebar","isNativoTout":false,"eyebrowSectionLabel":"Health","eyebrowSectionLink":"https://fortune.com/section/health/","eyebrowTagLabel":"coronavirus","eyebrowTagLink":"https://fortune.com/tag/coronavirus/","publishDateIso8601":"2021-03-09T06:00:00-05:00","id":2963258,"excerpt":"Our friends, family, colleagues, and communities have been changed in critical ways that promise to have long-lasting effects.","type":"post"},"children":[{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/rachel-schallom/","name":"Rachel Schallom"},"children":[]},{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/fortune-staff/","name":"Fortune Staff"},"children":[]},{"name":"image","config":{"aspectRatio":0.6666666666666666,"attachmentId":2963040,"alt":"One Year Later_Work From Home","caption":"","crops":[],"height":1920,"imageSize":"article-sidebar","lazyload":true,"lqipSrc":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/work.jpg?quality=60&resize=60,40","postId":2963258,"retina":true,"showCaption":false,"sources":[{"default":true,"transforms":{"resize":[130,86]},"descriptor":100}],"sourceTags":[],"src":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/work.jpg","srcset":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/work.jpg?resize=260,172 200w,https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/work.jpg?resize=130,86 100w","url":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/work.jpg","useBasicImg":false,"usingDataFallback":false,"width":2880,"fallbackImageUrl":"data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAAAAAP///yH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAIBRAA7","picture":false,"sizes":"100px"},"children":[]},{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/rachel-schallom/","name":"Rachel Schallom"},"children":[]},{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/fortune-staff/","name":"Fortune Staff"},"children":[]}]}]},{"name":"article-editor-picks","config":{"heading":"Editors' Picks"},"children":[{"name":"content-list-item","config":{"title":"Only one of the Big Four vaccine makers produced a COVID-19 winner. What happens next?","permalink":"https://fortune.com/2021/03/03/covid-vaccines-pfizer-moderna-big-pharma/","hasVideo":false,"themeName":"article-sidebar","isNativoTout":true,"eyebrowSectionLabel":"Health","eyebrowSectionLink":"https://fortune.com/section/health/","eyebrowTagLabel":"COVID-19 Vaccine","eyebrowTagLink":"https://fortune.com/tag/covid-vaccine/","publishDateIso8601":"2021-03-03T18:30:37-05:00","id":2961369,"excerpt":"Smaller companies' success signals a sea change in the highly consolidated industry. ","type":"post"},"children":[{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/kat-eschner/","name":"Kat Eschner"},"children":[]},{"name":"image","config":{"aspectRatio":0.6666666666666666,"attachmentId":2961376,"alt":"Discarded vials of the Pfizer-BioNtech COVID-19 vaccine are seen at the Clalit Health Services in the Palestinian neighbourhood of Beit Hanina, in the Israeli-annexed east Jerusalem on March 2, 2021. (Photo by AHMAD GHARABLI/AFP via Getty Images)","caption":"","crops":[],"height":1922,"imageSize":"article-sidebar","lazyload":true,"lqipSrc":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages-1231471113-e1614806579945.jpg?quality=60&resize=60,40","postId":2961369,"retina":true,"showCaption":false,"sources":[{"default":true,"transforms":{"resize":[130,86]},"descriptor":100}],"sourceTags":[],"src":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages-1231471113-e1614806579945.jpg","srcset":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages-1231471113-e1614806579945.jpg?resize=260,172 200w,https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages-1231471113-e1614806579945.jpg?resize=130,86 100w","url":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/GettyImages-1231471113-e1614806579945.jpg","useBasicImg":false,"usingDataFallback":false,"width":2879,"fallbackImageUrl":"data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAAAAAP///yH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAIBRAA7","picture":false,"sizes":"100px"},"children":[]},{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/kat-eschner/","name":"Kat Eschner"},"children":[]}]},{"name":"content-list-item","config":{"title":"Best Buy’s incredible 2020 online sales are bad news for its store employees","permalink":"https://fortune.com/2021/02/25/best-buy-sales-online-store-employees/","hasVideo":false,"themeName":"article-sidebar","isNativoTout":false,"eyebrowSectionLabel":"Retail","eyebrowSectionLink":"https://fortune.com/section/retail/","eyebrowTagLabel":"Best Buy","eyebrowTagLink":"https://fortune.com/tag/best-buy/","publishDateIso8601":"2021-02-25T13:48:08-05:00","id":2958586,"excerpt":"The electronics chain has 17% fewer workers than a year ago.","type":"post"},"children":[{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/phil-wahba/","name":"Phil Wahba"},"children":[]},{"name":"image","config":{"aspectRatio":0.6666666666666666,"attachmentId":2958695,"alt":"Corie Barry, CEO of Best Buy, speaks during the Fortune's Most Powerful Women Summit in Washington, D.C., U.S., on Wednesday, Oct. 23, 2019. Fortune's annual summit includes prominent women leaders in business, philanthropy, government, education, and the arts. Photographer: Sarah Silbiger/Bloomberg via Getty Images","caption":"Best Buy CEO Corie Barry speaks at Fortune’s Most Powerful Women Summit in Washington, D.C., Oct. 23, 2019.","crops":[],"height":3669,"imageSize":"article-sidebar","lazyload":true,"lqipSrc":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/GettyImages-1177750012.jpg?quality=60&resize=60,40","postId":2958586,"retina":true,"showCaption":false,"sources":[{"default":true,"transforms":{"resize":[130,86]},"descriptor":100}],"sourceTags":[],"src":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/GettyImages-1177750012.jpg","srcset":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/GettyImages-1177750012.jpg?resize=260,172 200w,https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/GettyImages-1177750012.jpg?resize=130,86 100w","url":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/GettyImages-1177750012.jpg","useBasicImg":false,"usingDataFallback":false,"width":5503,"fallbackImageUrl":"data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAAAAAP///yH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAIBRAA7","picture":false,"sizes":"100px"},"children":[]},{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/phil-wahba/","name":"Phil Wahba"},"children":[]}]},{"name":"content-list-item","config":{"title":"Watch out: Rising interest rates could be what kills the bull market","permalink":"https://fortune.com/2021/02/25/stock-market-interest-rates-bull-market-us-economy/","hasVideo":false,"themeName":"article-sidebar","isNativoTout":false,"eyebrowSectionLabel":"Finance","eyebrowSectionLink":"https://fortune.com/section/finance/","eyebrowTagLabel":"Stock market","eyebrowTagLink":"https://fortune.com/tag/stock-market/","publishDateIso8601":"2021-02-25T11:54:17-05:00","id":2958044,"excerpt":"Fast-rising prices would force the Fed to throttle the economic engine by raising rates, a move that would hammer corporate profits. ","type":"post"},"children":[{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/shawn-tully/","name":"Shawn Tully"},"children":[]},{"name":"image","config":{"aspectRatio":0.6666666666666666,"attachmentId":2958290,"alt":"Rising Interest Rates-Graph Concept","caption":"Rising interest rates could be a killer for stocks.","crops":[],"height":1920,"imageSize":"article-sidebar","lazyload":true,"lqipSrc":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/Rising-Interest-Rates-Graph-Concept-GettyImages-1303546981.jpg?quality=60&resize=60,40","postId":2958044,"retina":true,"showCaption":false,"sources":[{"default":true,"transforms":{"resize":[130,86]},"descriptor":100}],"sourceTags":[],"src":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/Rising-Interest-Rates-Graph-Concept-GettyImages-1303546981.jpg","srcset":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/Rising-Interest-Rates-Graph-Concept-GettyImages-1303546981.jpg?resize=260,172 200w,https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/Rising-Interest-Rates-Graph-Concept-GettyImages-1303546981.jpg?resize=130,86 100w","url":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/Rising-Interest-Rates-Graph-Concept-GettyImages-1303546981.jpg","useBasicImg":false,"usingDataFallback":false,"width":2880,"fallbackImageUrl":"data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAAAAAP///yH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAIBRAA7","picture":false,"sizes":"100px"},"children":[]},{"name":"byline","config":{"link":"https://fortune.com/author/shawn-tully/","name":"Shawn Tully"},"children":[]}]}]},{"name":"advertising-slot","config":{"align":"center","lazyload":true,"useDynamicChannel":false,"placementName":"RightRailFlex_Articles","slotId":"RightRailFlex_Articles1","themeName":"article","targeting":{"placement_name":"RightRailFlex_Articles","index":2}},"children":[]},{"name":"dianomi","config":{"type":"sidebar"},"children":[]},{"name":"advertising-slot","config":{"align":"center","lazyload":true,"useDynamicChannel":false,"placementName":"RightRailFlex_Articles","slotId":"RightRailFlex_Articles2","themeName":"article","targeting":{"placement_name":"RightRailFlex_Articles","index":3}},"children":[]}]},{"name":"article-media","config":{"publishDate":"","type":"image","section":"Newsletters"},"children":[{"name":"image","config":{"aspectRatio":0.6666666666666666,"attachmentId":2953815,"alt":"An industrial robot manipulating test tubes of liquid.","caption":"ABB, a leading producer of industrial robots, including this one seen here, is teaming up with a startup called Covariant that has uses A.I. and simulation to train robots to grasp and sort objects of all different sizes.","crops":[],"height":683,"imageSize":"article-featured-image","lazyload":true,"lqipSrc":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/GettyImages-1163058695.jpg?quality=60&resize=60,40","postId":2953810,"retina":true,"showCaption":true,"sources":[{"transforms":{"resize":[750,500]},"descriptor":750,"media":{"min":"lg"}},{"transforms":{"resize":[500,333.34]},"descriptor":500,"media":{"min":"md"}},{"transforms":{"resize":[375,250]},"descriptor":375,"media":{"max":"md"}}],"sourceTags":[],"src":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/GettyImages-1163058695.jpg","srcset":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/GettyImages-1163058695.jpg?resize=1500,1000 1500w,https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/GettyImages-1163058695.jpg?resize=750,500 750w,https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/GettyImages-1163058695.jpg?resize=1000,666 1000w,https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/GettyImages-1163058695.jpg?resize=500,333 500w,https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/GettyImages-1163058695.jpg?resize=750,500 750w,https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/GettyImages-1163058695.jpg?resize=375,250 375w","url":"https://content.fortune.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/GettyImages-1163058695.jpg","useBasicImg":false,"usingDataFallback":false,"width":1024,"credit":"Artyom Ivanov—TASS/Getty Images","fallbackImageUrl":"data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAAAAAP///yH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAIBRAA7","picture":false,"sizes":"(min-width: 64rem) 750px,(min-width: 48rem) 500px,(max-width: 48rem) 375px,100vw"},"children":[]}]},{"name":"article-body","config":{"mediaType":"image","premiumCategory":"P-Newsletter"},"children":[{"name":"gutenberg-content","config":{},"children":[{"name":"html","config":{"content":" u003cp>u003cem>This is the web version of Eye on A.I., Fortune’s weekly newsletter covering artificial intelligenceu003c/em> and u003cem>business. To get it delivered weekly to your in-box, u003ca href="https://cloud.newsletters.fortune.com/fortune/nloptin?utm_source=email&utm_medium=newsletter&utm_campaign=eye-on-ai&utm_content=2020100616pm&nl=EYE_ON_AI&source=letterHeader">sign up hereu003c/a>.u003c/em>u003cbr>u003cbr>The pandemic has driven many companies to accelerate digital transformation. This is particularly true in manufacturing, where the pandemic has forced businesses think about how to operate with fewer workers on machine shop floors and assembly lines. u003c/p> u003cp>Automation is the order of the day. And, increasingly, artificial intelligence is playing a role in these efforts—predicting when machines will need maintenance, directing growing armies of factory robots on their daily rounds, and optimizing workflows throughout the entire manufacturing process.u003cbr>u003cbr>In the coming weeks, I will be writing more about this trend. But today, I want to talk about the way in which industry's turn to A.I. is accelerating a particular type of machine learning: u003ca href="https://fortune.com/2019/09/17/artificial-intelligence-insilico-deepmind/">deep reinforcement learningu003c/a> (or deep RL). This combines deep neural networks, the kind of machine learning software very loosely based on the wiring of the human brain, with reinforcement learning, which involves learning from experience rather than historical data. Deep RL is behind most of the big breakthroughs in computers that can play various kinds of games better than top humans, including DeepMind’s achievements in Atari, the u003ca href="https://fortune.com/2016/03/21/google-alphago-win-artificial-intelligence/">strategy game Gou003c/a>, and most recently, with Starcraft II, as well as OpenAI’s work on the u003ca href="https://fortune.com/2019/04/16/eye-on-a-i-artificial-video-games/">video game Dota 2u003c/a> and Facebook’s and Carnegie Mellon University’s u003ca href="https://fortune.com/2019/07/11/poker-ai-technology-facebook-business-strategy/">poker-playing softwareu003c/a>.u003cbr>u003cbr>It has been difficult, until very recently, to transfer these same methods to the real world. The algorithms for deep RL can be hard to implement. They usually require a good simulator in which the A.I. can be trained, and most businesses don’t have one. Even with a simulator, there can be concerns about how exactly the system will perform—or even whether it will be safe—if there are subtle differences between the simulator and the real world.u003cbr>u003cbr>This is starting to change, says Chris Nicholson, the founder and CEO of u003ca href="https://pathmind.com/">Pathmindu003c/a>, a San Francisco company that helps industrial customers use deep reinforcement learning. He says that many companies now have enough data that they can create decent simulators of their operations. Even relatively simple simulations, he says, can be used to find ways to do things more efficiently. The most sophisticated businesses graduate to “digital twins,” complete virtual copies of their operations. This allows them to see in advance exactly how any adjustment to a process will impact the whole operation. They can run predictive analytics not just for single machines, but across the whole business.u003c/p>u003cp>u003c!-- piano selector -->u003c/p>u003cdiv class="paywall"> u003cp>Nicholson also points to another startup, based in nearby Berkeley, called u003ca href="https://fortune.com/2020/02/25/industrial-robotics-ai-covariant/">Covariantu003c/a>, that has used deep RL to teach industrial robots to identify, grasp, manipulate, and sort a variety of different-sized objects, a major milestone in robotics. Covariant teaches the software that will control the robots in a simulator before loading it onto the real robots, who then transfer those skills to the real world. Covariant has a partnership with u003ca href="https://fortune.com/company/abb/" target="_blank">ABBu003c/a>, the world’s largest producer of industrial robots, so deep RL, at least for teaching robots, may become mainstream far faster than people realize.u003cbr>u003cbr>Nicholson says there are several advantages to using deep reinforcement learning over traditional supervised learning methods. In supervised learning, software is trained by examining a large set of historical data and learning what set of inputs is most likely to result in what set of outputs. But what happens when the future no longer looks like the past? In these circumstances, supervised learning systems often fail.u003cbr>u003cbr>Deep RL systems meanwhile are potentially more robust to shifting inputs, Nicholson says. You can train the system in the simulator to respond to all kinds of Black Swan events—like say, the supply chain disruptions caused by a global pandemic—even if your business has never encountered that situation before. “A year ago, the supermarket in my town ran out of toilet paper,” Nicholson says. “That’s because traditional optimizers cannot handle novel disruptions.” Deep RL systems, on the other hand, can learn how to cope with data variations, big and small.u003cbr>u003cbr>Deep RL systems can also find all kinds of ways to improve the performance and efficiency of a complex system that humans have never thought of, because the software can experiment endlessly, and cheaply, inside a simulation. But, ironically, the counterintuitive nature of some of the insights deep RL algorithms produce can be an impediment to the technology’s adoption—managers don’t trust what the system is telling them if it seems to violate a long-held rule of thumb. This is especially true because most deep RL systems can’t really explain the rationale for their choices.u003cbr>u003cbr>“People really like deterministic systems and they like them even when they fail,” Nicholson says. Pathmind has overcome some of the hesitancy to use deep RL by deploying a deterministic optimization algorithm—one that uses an explicit and explainable set of rules and which always produces the same output for a given set of inputs—alongside a deep RL algorithm, so customers can see when the deep RL system provides a better solution. After a few cases where unconventional suggestions provide a big boost to the company’s bottom line, most customers become converts. “One customer told us, if it wasn’t counterintuitive, I wouldn’t need to pay for it,” he says.u003cbr>u003cbr>Nicholson notes that in the science of information theory, one way to assess the value of a given piece of communication is to ask how surprising it is. The greater the surprise, the more informational value that message carries. It's that way for A.I. too, he says. We want A.I. to surprise us—but only in a good way. u003c/p> u003cp>We often complain A.I. systems lack common sense. But that’s not the same thing as saying conventional wisdom is always right. Instead, what we want is a system that won’t do stupid things that a human would never do, but will do clever things that we never would. It’s a fine balance to strike, but deep RL might just be the path to get there.u003c/p> u003cp>Here’s the rest of this week’s news in A.I.u003cbr>u003cbr>u003cstrong>Jeremy Kahnu003c/strong>u003cbr>@jeremyakahnu003cbr>jeremy.kahn@fortune.com u003c/p> u003ch3>A.I. IN THE NEWSu003c/h3>nu003cp>u003cstrong>Was your face used to train facial recognition algorithms? u003c/strong>A new online tool lets you check. It’s called Exposing.AI and it allows you to see if your account from the online photo-sharing site Flickr was incorporated into one of the large databases of faces that have been used to train many facial recognition algorithms. ““People need to realize that some of their most intimate moments have been weaponized,” Liz O’Sullivan, a researcher at the privacy and civil rights group Surveillance Technology Oversight Project, who built Exposing.AI with Adam Harvey, a researcher and artist in Berlin, u003ca href="https://www.nytimes.com/2021/01/31/technology/facial-recognition-photo-tool.html">told u003c/a>u003cem>The New York Times. u003c/em>If you didn’t have a Flickr account, or if Exposing.AI says your Flickr wasn’t used for the facial recognition databases, this doesn’t necessarily mean you’re not in the datasets: the researchers creating them also incorporated data from other online sources and some companies built their own proprietary datasets.u003c/p>nu003cp>u003cstrong>Microsoft’s quantum computing efforts suffer a major blow. u003c/strong>Microsoft has invested $1 billion and more than a decade in an effort to build a quantum computer, with much of its focus on harnessing a subatomic particle called a Majorama fermion. For a long time, Majorma fermions were purely theoretical—the math showing they ought to exist was solid, but no one had managed to observe them in a lab. Then in 2018, Leo Kouwenhoven, who runs a Microsoft-funded quantum computing lab at the Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands, published a seminal paper in u003cem>Nature u003c/em>saying that he had managed to find the elusive particles. The news was a sign that Microsoft’s effort to build its own quantum computer, which have badly lagged those of competitors such as IBM and Honeywell, were on a promising track. Company executives claimed they would have a working quantum computer commercially-available by 2023. But now, after other researchers discovered Kouwenhoven’s group had excluded critical data from the 2018 paper that would have cast serious doubt on their claims, Keowenhoven and his co-authors have acknowledged in a new paper that the 2018 finding was an error. Wired u003ca href="https://www.wired.com/story/microsoft-win-quantum-computing-error/">has more on what is a major blowu003c/a> to Microsoft’s quantum computing ambitions.u003cbr />u003cstrong>u003cbr />Efforts to ban the use of deepfakes in revenge porn are starting to gather pace. u003c/strong>That’s according to u003ca href="https://www.technologyreview.com/2021/02/12/1018222/deepfake-revenge-porn-coming-ban/">a storyu003c/a> in u003cem>MIT Tech Reviewu003c/em> that looks at the problem of deepfake technology being used for revenge porn and harassment of women and the gaps in current laws, which often don’t apply to faked content. The story says the U.K. Law Commission, an academic body that reviews British law and recommends changes, is currently examining whether to amend legislation to cover deepfakes. In the U.S., where two U.S. states, California and Virginia, already have laws that do cover faked content as part of their revenge porn statutes, U.S. Rep. Yvette Clarke (D-N.Y.), is planning to reintroduce a bill that failed to gained momentum in the last Congress, which would make it a federal crime to use deepfakes for revenge porn.u003c/p>nu003cp>u003cstrong>Was the Slate Star Codex a window into the minds of those building advanced A.I. or on-ramp to extremism?u003c/strong> u003cem>The New York Times u003c/em>u003ca href="https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/13/technology/slate-star-codex-rationalists.html?searchResultPosition=1">takes a long looku003c/a> at the blog Slate Star Codex, which was popular with many movers and shakers in Silicon Valley, particularly a number of those researchers and engineers who were at the cutting edge of artificial intelligence development. The article explores whether the blog and its comments section provided a forum for fringe politics and extremist beliefs, including views some might find racist and sexist, and whether some of those working on A.I. advances shared those beliefs. The story also looks at the willingness of some of the blog’s fans to use bullying tactics—such as doxing—against people, including the u003cem>Times u003c/em>journalists working on the story, who they perceived as threats to the blog and its community. The blog ceased publication in June 2020 after u003cem>The New York Timesu003c/em> contacted its author, the psychiatrist Scott Siskind, who wrote under the pseudonym Scott Alexander, and said it would not promise to preserve Siskind’s anonymity. Siskind has since restored the blog’s past posts and launched a new blog and newsletter, called Astral Codex Ten, using his real name, on Substack.u003c/p>nu003cp>u003cstrong>Nvidia A.I. executive says someone is going to spend $1 billion to train a large language model in the next five years. u003c/strong>That’s what Bryan Catanzaro, vice president of applied deep learning research at NVIDIA, u003ca href="https://www.nextplatform.com/2021/02/11/the-billion-dollar-ai-problem-that-just-keeps-scaling/">tells tech publication The Next Platformu003c/a>. Lately, there’s been a trend towards larger-and-larger language models, such as GPT-3. These systems have shown that they are highly capable and that there is a correlation between capability and scale—although there is some emerging evidence that there may be diminishing returns. The problem is that these ever larger language models are also ever more expensive, in terms of computing time, money and energy, to train. That has some A.I. ethics experts questioning whether continuing to pursue this path is actually a unconscionable waste of resources. Catanzaro seems to have no such qualms, telling The Next Platform: “u003cem>We’re going to see these models push the economic limit. Technology has always been constrained by economics, even Moore’s Law is an economic law as much as a physics law. These models are so adaptable and flexible and their capabilities have been so correlated with scale we may actually see them providing several billions of dollars worth of value from a single model, so in the next five years, spending a billion in compute to train those could make sense.”u003c/em>u003c/p>nu003ch3>EYE ON A.I. TALENTu003c/h3>nu003cp>British broadcaster u003cstrong>ITV u003c/strong>has expanded its data and artificial intelligence team, promoting u003cstrong>Lara Izlanu003c/strong> to be u003cstrong>director of data strategyu003c/strong>, and hiring u003cstrong>Clemenceu003c/strong> u003cstrong>Burnichonu003c/strong> to be u003cstrong>director of data innovationu003c/strong>, u003cstrong>Mike Leveringtonu003c/strong> as u003cstrong>director of data experimentationu003c/strong>, and u003cstrong>Kat Holmesu003c/strong> as u003cstrong>director of data governanceu003c/strong>, the company u003ca href="https://www.digitaltveurope.com/2021/02/15/itv-revamps-data-and-ai-team-with-new-leadership-appointments/">saidu003c/a>. Burnichon had previously been at u003cstrong>Depopu003c/strong> and Leverington at u003cstrong>The Body Shopu003c/strong>.u003c/p>nu003ch3>EYE ON A.I. RESEARCHu003c/h3>nu003cp>u003cstrong>By their mistakes, you shall know them. u003c/strong>We spend a lot of time trying to figure out how to make A.I. systems smarter than us. But if we want humans to work successfully alongside A.I. systems in the not-too-distant future, it might be helpful for those systems to understand the actions that humans are most likely take next in a given situation—including the kinds of mistakes humans are apt to make. There’s plenty of research from fields such as psychology about the systemic biases that cloud human perception and judgment and which make human behavior at least somewhat predictable. Wouldn’t it be good if A.I. knew this too?u003c/p>nu003cp>That is the thinking behind a new chess-playing A.I. called Maia, developed by a group led by Jon Kleinberg, a professor at Cornell University. Rather than trying to play chess better than humans, Maia, which is based on an open source version of DeepMind’s game playing master algorithm AlphaGo, is rewarded for correctly predicting the moves that its human opponent will make, including moves that are bad ones. u003ca href="https://www.wired.com/story/new-artificial-intelligence-mistakes-purpose-chess/">Kleinberg tells u003cem>Wiredu003c/em> journalist Will Knightu003c/a> that a system like Maia might have a lot of applications, including in healthcare:u003c/p>nu003cp>u003cem>“One way to do this is to take problems in which human doctors form diagnoses based on medical images, and to look for images on which the system predicts a high level of disagreement among them.”u003c/em>u003c/p>nu003cp>Meanwhile, in the near term, a number of chess experts Knight spoke to think Maia will be useful as sparring partner and training tool for chess players. They even speculated the system could be trained on data from a particular grand master and then learn to play “in the style of” that player. imagine applying that same concept to other fields? You might one day have virtual CEO that makes decisions “in the style of” Jeff Bezos or Mary Barra.u003c/p>nu003ch3>FORTUNE ON A.I.u003c/h3>nu003cp class="heading__saolText--RBEqW articleHeader__title--1OFB2">u003ca href="https://fortune.com/2021/02/13/artificial-intelligence-finesse-fashion/">The fashion industry’s business model is getting a tech-fueled makeover that’s ‘Zara meets Netflix’u003c/a>—by Alyssa Newcombu003c/p>nu003cp>u003ca href="https://fortune.com/2021/02/11/stonks-stock-market-gamestop-reddit-wallstreetbets-ai-hedge-funds-losses-gme-amc/">The ‘stonks’ market caught the A.I. algorithms off guard, toou003c/a>—by Jeremy Kahnu003c/p>nu003cp class="heading__saolText--RBEqW articleHeader__title--1OFB2">u003ca href="https://fortune.com/2021/02/13/snoo-responsive-bassinet-happiest-baby-smart-sleeper-sids-infant-mortality/">The Snoo responsive bassinet saves infant lives—in and out of the hospitalu003c/a>—by Lindsey Tramutau003c/p>nu003cp>u003ca href="https://fortune.com/2021/02/12/google-microsoft-qualcomm-protest-nvidia-arm-acquisition/">Google, Microsoft, Qualcomm protest Nvidia’s acquisition of Armu003c/a>—by Verne Kopytopfu003c/p>nu003ch3>BRAIN FOODu003c/h3>nu003cp>u003cstrong>Devil on your shoulder. u003c/strong>A.I. software is increasingly playing a role as an advisor in people’s lives. In fact, you could argue that when we follow suggestions from Siri or Alexa, we are basically taking counsel from an A.I. But what would happen if instead of merely suggesting which app you might want to check next, Siri suggested that you take an action that would be illegal or unethical? Would you be more likely to do it?u003c/p>nu003cp>That’s what a team of German and Dutch researchers wanted to find out. In a paper entitled “The corruptive force of AI-generated advice,” and u003ca href="https://arxiv.org/pdf/2102.07536.pdf">published this past weeku003c/a> on the non-peer reviewed research repository arxiv.org, the researchers find, disturbingly, if not entirely surprisingly, that the answer is an emphatic yes.u003c/p>nu003cp>Using an experimental format that has been used before in social psychology to investigate honesty and dishonesty, the researchers recruited a bunch of volunteers and paired them off. Each volunteer in a pair reads a message, in this case, generated by either a human or by the A.I. natural language model GPT-2, that is designed to either promote honesty or dishonesty. Then the volunteers play a game in which each individual rolls a dice in private. The pair is rewarded with cash equal to twice the combined die score if both rolls are identical, but receives no reward if the rolls don’t match. Each volunteer rolls in turn. After the first volunteer rolls, she tells the second volunteer what the result was, and then the second volunteer rolls in private and reports his result.u003c/p>nu003cp>First, the not-so-good news about humans: we’re not especially honest. It turns out that even when this game is played without any messages of advice being read before the rolls, the average reported outcomes exceed those which mathematics tells us should be the expected outcomes. In other words, people cheat.u003c/p>nu003cp>Now, the worse news about humans: reading messages promoting honesty had absolutely no effect on the tendency of people to lie about the dice rolls, the researchers found.u003c/p>nu003cp>And the really, really bad news about humans: when encouraged to be dishonest, we are even more likely to cheat. It turns out that those who read messages encouraging them to cheat, whether those messages were written by people or by GPT-2, were 18% more likely to lie about their dice roll. But that result actually is all about people and, to some extent, about how good GPT-2 is at mimicking human writing. In fact, when volunteers in the experiment were asked to guess whether the advice they just read was written by a person or generated by GPT-2, they couldn’t tell the difference, the researchers found.  u003c/p>nu003cp>And now here’s the truly terrible, awful, no good news about humans and A.I. combined: the researchers then tried to see if advice encouraging dishonesty would still lead to more cheating when the humans knew that the advice they were getting was coming from a piece of A.I. software. And guess what? It turns out that it made no difference. The subjects in the experiment were just as likely to cheat after getting corrupting advice from A.I. software u003cem>that they knew was A.I. softwareu003c/em> as they were when encouraged to cheat by another human being. It seems like all we need to act unethically is u003cem>somethingu003c/em>—u003cem>anythingu003c/em>—to give us some encouragement to do so.u003c/p>nu003cp>The researchers rightly note that this has some rather dystopian potential implications when you think about how easy it might be to deliberately use an A.I. advisor to encourage large numbers of people to behave unethically:u003c/p>nu003cp>u003cem>Whereas having humans as intermediaries already reduces the moral costs of unethical behaviour, using AI advisors as intermediaries is conceivably even more attractive. Compared to human advisors, AI advisors are cheaper, faster, and more easily scalable. Employing AI advisors as a corrupting force is further attractive as AI does not suffer from internal moral costs that may prevent it from providing corrupting advice to decisionmakers. Furthermore, personalization of text can help to tailor the content, format and timing of the advice.u003c/em>u003c/p>nu003cp>The researchers conclude, “Because employing AI as a corrupting agent is attractive, and since AI rivals human abilities, it is important to experimentally test the corruptive force of AI as a key step towards managing AI responsibly.” You can say that again.u003c/p>nu003c/div>n"},"children":[]}]}]},{"name":"dianomi","config":{"type":"footer"},"children":[]}]}]}]}},"componentData":{},"error":null,"loading":false,"player":{"currentTime":0,"duration":0,"loading":false,"playing":false,"seek":0,"src":"","visible":false,"volume":0.5},"route":{"status":200,"redirectTo":"","redirectStatus":0,"action":"PUSH","pathname":"/2021/02/16/if-a-i-isnt-counterintuitive-why-should-we-pay-for-it/","search":"?","hash":""},"visible":{"search":false,"primaryNav":false,"freestar":false,"adminBar":false},"contactForm":{"submitting":false,"submitted":false,"failed":false,"validation":{},"redirect":""},"user":{"isLoggedIn":false,"accessLevel":null}}; ]]> response.json()) .then(function (data) { signPackage = data; wx.config(data); wx.ready(function () { wx.updateTimelineShareData({ title: title, link: url, imgUrl: img, success: function () {}, cancel: function () {} }); wx.updateAppMessageShareData({ title: title, desc: desc, link: url, imgUrl: img, success: function () {}, cancel: function () {} }); wx.error(function (res) { //location.href = g_url; }); }); }) } }; script.src = "https://res.wx.qq.com/open/js/jweixin-1.6.0.js"; document.head.appendChild(script); } ]]> You need to enable JavaScript to view this site.
Source

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

THIS WEB IS ONLY FOR APPSUMO  DEALS. IF YOU WANT NON APPSUMO DEALS, GO TO OUR SYSTER PAGE BESTSOFTWAREFOR.COM
Copyright © Saasale.com